Coconuts grow at the top of large palms (up to 30m tall), with 4 to 6m long, evergreen, feather – like leaves. The palm starts producing coconuts after about 6 years and becomes most productive by the age of 15 to 20 years. It continues to fruit until about 80 years of age. One tree can produce between 50 and 200 coconuts per year. Coconuts are an important food crop. In 2005, Thailand produced 1.5 million tons of coconuts, which made it the sixth biggest producer in the world.
Coconuts can float on water across oceans for several months until they reach new ground to create roots and grow, because the seedling developing inside the coconut feeds on the coconut water and coconut meat provided.