Length:Body: 20­ – 25 cm is the most common.
Tongue: 4 in.
Wingspan: 28 in.
Weight:7- 450 g.
Coloring:The color can vary from species to species, but the most common colors are black, white and red, with some greens and greys.



There are 18 different species of woodpeckers that can be found in Khao Sok National Park. The Great Slaty Woodpecker is the largest in the world, measuring about 50 cm and weighing 450g. Members of the Picidae family have strong bills to drill and drum on trees with, and long sticky tongues to extract food. Woodpeckers have four toes – two facing forwards and two facing backwards, giving the birds good grip on trees. Most of the species are categorized as ‘lower risk, least concern’ but two species (the buff­necked woodpecker and the olive­backed woodpecker) are ‘near threatened’ on the IUCN Red List.

Did you know...?

… that pecking on wood does not cause headaches to woodpeckers? This is thanks to their especially adapted skulls and brains.